Yemen | Humanitarian Needs Overview 2023 (December 2022)


Yemen Humanitarian Needs Overview 2023
(December 2022)

Context and impact of the crisis

After more than eight years of conflict, millions of people in Yemen millions of people in Yemen are suffering from the compounded effects of armed violence, ongoing economic crisis and disrupted public services. In 2023, an estimated 21.6 million people will need humanitarian assistance and protection services, a slight decrease from the 23.4 million people in need in 2022. This is largely due to technical changes in cluster-level needs assessments, as well as revised food security projections released late in 2022, rather than an overall improvement in the humanitarian outlook.

Following intense fighting in the first months of 2022, the political and conflict environment shifted significantly in April upon the transition of power to the Presidential Leadership Council and announcement of a UN-brokered truce. The subsequent six-month period, up to the truce’s expiry on 2 October, offered a glimpse of hope for many people. Civilian casualties and displacement decreased, a steady flow of fuel imports were received through Al Hodeidah port, and commercial flights resumed through Sana’a International Airport. Despite these overarching benefits, localized clashes continued in some areas, including Ta’iz and Ad Dale’, and landmines and explosive remnants of war (ERW) posed heightened risks, especially in the context of increased civilian movement. Tensions have increased following the truce's expiry, although no major military escalation or offensive has taken place. Despite extensive efforts, an agreement to extend the truce had not been reached as of end November.

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