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Democratic Republic of the Congo - Humanitarian information note for the province of North Kivu, 7 September 2022

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HIGHLIGHTS

• Armed attacks have claimed over 280 lives in Beni since early January

• Arrival of returnees from Uganda in Rutshuru

OVERVIEW OF THE SITUATION

More than 280 people killed in armed attacks in Beni since early January

Armed attacks targeting civilian populations continue in Beni. On August 23 and 30, at least 17 civilians were killed in attacks by armed men respectively in Mamove in the Oicha Health Zone and Kisuhi in the Kamango Health Zone. Local civil society estimates that at least 283 civilians have died in approximately 63 armed attacks in Beni territory since the start of the year.

These attacks continue in a context where Beni is facing the resurgence of the Ebola epidemic, following the notification of a confirmed case of the disease on August 17. No new cases were reported, although around 180 contacts, including 48% of health care providers, were identified around the single confirmed case. More than 200 people, including contacts and front-line care staff, have already been vaccinated. The Ministry of Public Health has deployed experts there to support the response in order to break the chain of transmission of the disease. This response is also supported by humanitarian partners including OCHA, WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA, IOM, and Doctors Without Borders.

The number of displaced and returnees on the rise in North Kivu

According to the Population Movement Commission, at the beginning of September, more than 1.8 million people are living in a situation of displacement in the province of North Kivu. This figure represents an increase of 4.12%, or more than 76,800 people from more compared to July.
This increase is partly due to the continued violence in different parts of the province, notably in Rutshuru territory, where the number of displaced people rose from 286,665 displaced people in July to nearly 340,477 as of August 31. In addition, more than 20,500 people returned home during the month of August, an increase of more than 2% compared to July, bringing the total to more than 984,000 returnees across the province. Returns were reported mainly in the territories of Masisi, Rutshuru and Beni.

Arrival of returnees from Uganda in Rutshuru

As of September 6, around 4,400 people, who had taken refuge in Uganda, arrived in Rutshuru via the Kitagoma border post (about 30 km northeast of Rutshuru), according to humanitarian sources and local authorities. Since September 2, the Ugandan authorities had asked these people to join the refugee camps in Uganda or to return to their homes in Bunagana. The High Commissioner for Refugees estimates that between 10,000 and 15,000 people lived in collective centers in the Kisoro region of Uganda. All returnees to Rutshuru have been accommodated at the Rwasa II IDP site, where they receive assistance with food, essential household items, drinking water and child protection services. However,

Thousands of displaced people occupy schools in Rutshuru and Nyiragongo According to protection actors, more than 36,000 displaced people occupy 29 schools in Rutshuru and Nyiragongo territories. They fled repeated clashes between the Congolese army and March 23 Movement (M23) fighters in Rutshuru territory since March. Several school officials threatened to expel the displaced people from classrooms. At least 3,000 displaced people who lived in a school in Munigi in Nyiragongo territory were evicted there between August 15 and 20, and have since been relocated to makeshift shelters near the school, without access to drinking water and sanitary facilities. In Rutshuru,

Disclaimer


Democratic Republic of the Congo - Humanitarian Information Note for Ituri Province, 7 September 2022

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This report was produced by OCHA in collaboration with humanitarian partners. It is published by OCHA and covers the period from August 13 to September 06, 2022.

HIGHLIGHTS

  • More than 120,000 people affected by the suspension of health activities in Mambasa

  • More than 300,000 returnees need humanitarian assistance in Mahagi territory

OVERVIEW OF THE SITUATION

Mambasa territory: Health structures suspend their activities following the escalation of violence.

Fresh clashes between the Congolese army and an armed group between September 2 and 5 in Mambasa territory have forced at least 19,000 people to move, according to local sources. The escalation of violence continues in this territory where at least 83 people have been killed and several others kidnapped during attacks by the alleged ADF in several villages since August 10. Lolwa General Hospital and five health centers have suspended their activities due to growing insecurity. This situation affects access to health care for more than 120,000 inhabitants living in the Lolwa Health Zone.

The violence has also restricted humanitarian access on the spot and affects road traffic between the province of Ituri and the neighboring provinces of North Kivu and Tshopo.

Territory of Djugu: 14 civilians and 4,000 displaced persons in Mongwalu

Clashes between the Congolese army and an armed group killed at least 14 civilians on August 30 and 31 in Mongwalu commune (Mongwalu health zone). About 4,000 people were forced to move to the locality of Monbwalu. They live with host families and in collective centres. Mongwalu had already welcomed, in July, around 4,000 other displaced people fleeing fighting between two armed groups in the localities of Lodjo Mayalibo and Matata.





UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
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