ReliefWeb Situation Report Columbia: Nariño Departmental Briefing, January to June 2022


Colombia: Nariño Departmental Briefing, January to June 2022



  • The geographical position of the department of Nariño, together with the structural conditions of inequality and poverty, continue to be strategic characteristics for multiple Non-State Armed Groups (GANE), which dispute territorial and river control for drug and arms trafficking, among other illicit activities. , which have caused 32 armed actions during 2022. In this context, forced displacement and confinement have become strategies of the GANE to increase their territorial control. Added to this, the increase in mixed migratory flows and the occurrence of more than 164 disaster events as a result of the rainy season, originated situations of double and multiple affectation for the civil population.

  • In the reporting period, there were 29 massive forced displacements with more than 16,161 victims (88% Afro-descendants and 12% indigenous Awá) that represented 43 percent of the displaced population in Colombia (37,000)3 during the first six months. The subregions of Telembí, Sanquianga and Pacífico Sur were the most affected. Additionally, around 34,000 civilians lost their mobility in the Sanquianga and La Cordillera subregions, as a result of the actions and control of the GANE, which caused the obstruction of essential assets for the survival of the communities and high protection risks. During the reporting period, four confinement events were identified in Tumaco and Magüí Payán.

  • Children and adolescents, women, indigenous and Afro-descendant ethnic communities, people in the process of reincorporation, the refugee and migrant population from Venezuela and LGBTIQ+ are in a particularly vulnerable situation in the context of the armed conflict in Nariño. Among the main effects are threats, forced disappearance, kidnapping, homicides, labor and sexual exploitation, recruitment, use and utilization, and gender-based violence, among others. The underreporting of information regarding the effects on the civilian population is of concern. The violence has disproportionately impacted their integrity, mental health, access to education and other fundamental rights, especially,


UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit