CSIS By The Numbers May 15, 2022


By The Numbers

Each week, we'll share with you some of the most compelling numbers in our studies.



Ukrainian forces have used 3D printers to add tail fins to Soviet-era anti-tank grenades. When dropped from an overhead commercial drone, these cheap and simple munitions can penetrate the relatively weak roof armor of Russian tanks and other vehicles. This innovative combination of cheap commercial and military technology offers a useful capability that can destroy Russian vehicles costing hundreds of thousands or millions of dollars for the price of $1,000 drone.


SOURCE: "Across Drones, AI, and Space, Commercial Tech Is Flexing Military Muscle in Ukraine" by CSIS's Gregory Allen.

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2 to 3 million b/d

Brussels is concerned that previous rounds of sanctions have failed to knock out more Russian oil, and the European Union is determined to ratchet up the pressure. The International Energy Agency (IEA), major commodity trading houses, and many analysts expected Russian exports to drop by 2 to 3 million barrels per day (b/d) beginning in April, but the actual disruption may have been just half this amount.


SOURCE: "European Union Prepares to Ban Russian Oil" by CSIS's Ben Cahill.

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Abuses against civilians by security forces and non-state armed groups are not a new phenomenon in Mali. However, violence against civilians has increased in number and severity since Russian Wagner Group mercenaries arrival in December 2021. At the end of March, FAMa, assisted by Wagner troops, massacred more than 300 civilians in the central Malian town of Moura during a five-day siege, making the attack the worst atrocity in the decade-long conflict in Mali.


SOURCE: "Massacres, Executions, and Falsified Graves: The Wagner Group’s Mounting Humanitarian Cost in Mali" by CSIS's Catrina Doxsee and Jared Thompson.

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860 feet

In the last decade, India has made a concerted effort to enhance its maritime posture in the Indian Ocean. For example, in the last two years, India has made modest upgrades to some of its offshore military bases in the Andaman and Nicobar islands. The airstrip at Indian Naval Station (INS) Baaz on Great Nicobar Island was extended by 860 feet in 2021, and construction on buildings to the northwest of the runway remains ongoing.


SOURCE: "Delhi Continues Strategic Investment in the Indian Ocean" by CSIS's Asia Maritime Transparency Initiative.

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